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Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) Training

Employees can benefit from HIRARC training by learning how to conduct hazard identification, assess risks based on severity and likelihood, and provide suitable risk controls which can be done using HIRARC tools. Employers should be required to assign qualified persons to supervise a group of workers involved in a specific process or activity in order to carry out the HIRARC.

HIRARC consists of 3 elements which are:

Group discussion during HIRARC Training
Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) Training


1. Hazard Identification

The purpose of hazard identification is to determine all the hazards in the crucial operations of work where they can give significant risks to the health and safety of workers. This includes those hazards that may present from certain equipment due to working conditions and tasks performed. There are 5 types of hazards which are:

1. Chemical hazards

2. Biological hazards

3. Physical hazards

4. Psychosocial hazards

5. Ergonomic hazards

2. Risk Assessment

Risk assessment is where the likelihood and severity of the accident/event are determined to identify the magnitude and priority of the identified hazards. Risk assessment can be done using three methods which are; qualitative, quantitative or semi-quantitative method. Risk assessment findings can be presented in many ways to help in making decisions for risk control.

In the qualitative approach of risk analysis, the findings of likelihood and severity that are used can be presented in a risk matrix as an effective way to convey how the risk is distributed in the workplace. A risk matrix is used to determine the level of risk from high, medium to low risks. Based on the risk matrix, the relative risk value can be used to determine the priority of any necessary actions needed to manage the hazards.

The risk assessment can be determined using the formula:

Likelihood (L) x Severity (S) = Relative Risk (R)

Table for risk matrix from guidelines for HIRARC
Risk Matrix from Guidelines for Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) 2008

Description of risk based on matrix based on guidelines for HIRARC
Risk description from the Guidelines for Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) 2008

3. Risk Control

Risk control is important to ensure that hazards can be controlled at their source so that workers are not exposed to the hazards and no accident occurred due to that. Hazards can be controlled by applying elimination, substitution or engineering control which is the best method to eliminate hazards from workers. Besides, if those controls are not practicable to be applied, the hazards can also be controlled by applying administrative controls as well as the use of personal protective equipment which are the least desirable control.

Our services?

We provided services to conduct HIRARC training for the organization and their employees. The HIRARC training will help participants to evaluate if any particular situation, equipment, or other factors at their workplace may have the potential to cause harm to them and other persons. Participants will learn to identify hazards and the risk factors that have the potential to cause hazards in the workplace.

Need to conduct HIRARC Training at your workplace? Our professional trainer will provide the best services in conducting the HIRARC Training for you. Contact us at 013 - 241 9000 or email [email protected] now. We will always be committed to help you.


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